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DTN Ag Headline News

DTN Market News

USDA Washington & Oregon Hay 12/06 11:15

USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       12/06 11:15
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Nov 22, 2019    USDA Market News 

Note: Due to the Thanksgiving Holiday next Thursday Nov. 28, 2019 this report 
not be issued again until Dec. 6, 2019.

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  2600    Last Week:  1400    Last Year:  Holiday 

   Compared to last Friday, all grades of Export Alfalfa steady as harvest is 
coming to an end. Timothy for export remains slow with exporters having too 
supply. Export sales for Timothy remain slow. Trade remains slow as most 
are in firm hands. Demand remains good from Dairies. Feed store/retail steady. 
interests have sold out and are busy shipping previously sold supplies. All 
are dollars per ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated. 
prices include freight, commissions and other expenses. 

                   Tons      Price      Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                       
      Good         2000  210.00-210.00  210.00     Export            

    Small Square                                                     
      Premium       100  230.00-230.00  230.00     Retail/Stable     

  Timothy Grass                                                      
    Mid Square                                                       
      Premium       200  197.00-197.00  197.00 Del Export            
      Fair          300  147.00-147.00  147.00 Del Export            

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                  
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%           
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22             
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22            
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20            
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18            
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16             
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the      
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
0900p   gds   rlc