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Crop Report: Crops Continue to Lag; Condition Little Changed: Crop Progress Report

Corn harvest continues to lag, with USDA’s 18 reported states at only 17 percent as of October 1. At this point in the season, producers have an average of 26 percent of their corn harvested. The states in our service territory are well behind their averages – and a forecast of rain will not assist maturity or harvest. There is little concern yet about an early frost cutting yields, but that worry will mount as we get deeper into October.

State Percent harvested Percent harvested average Percent mature Percent mature average
18 states 17 26 68 78
Iowa 6 18 73 80
Kansas 39 49 84 88
Nebraska 2 20 89 91
South Dakota 3 19 52 75


Corn condition in the good/excellent categories stands at 63 percent for the 18 states, a two point loss from last week. On the lower end, conditions improved one point to 12 percent. South Dakota saw a four point improvement on the upper end to 44 percent in good/excellent condition.

While the soybean harvest also is behind -- 22 percent against a 26-percent average in the 18 states – the percent dropping leaves is ahead of average, in some cases by quite a few percentage points.

State Percent harvested Percent harvested - average Percent dropping leaves Percent dropping leaves - average
18 states 22 26 80 78
Iowa 16 23 84 77
Kansas 13 10 78 61
Nebraska 19 26 93 86
South Dakota 10 37 89 93


Condition is little changed. But it is worth noting that South Dakota’s poor/very poor rating improved from 19 percent to 15 percent.

Winter wheat planting stands at 18 percent, seven points behind average for the 18 states. Kansas has only 21 percent in the ground, versus 39 percent average and Nebraska 70 versus 76 percent.

La Nina: On Her Way?

Last week, the National Weather Service’s Climate Prediction Center announced an increasing chance – now at 55 to 60 percent – of a La Nina this fall and winter. There is a plume of cold water that has surfaced in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean. It will need to intensify and last several months before it is truly declared a La Nina.

The map from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration illustrates characteristic winter La Nina weather impacts in the United States: Cold temperatures in the Northern Plains, wetter than usual weather in the Eastern Corn Belt and more or less average weather in Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas.

La Nina - winter pattern


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Apr 1, 2022 | The Business of Agriculture

2022 Planting Intentions: More Market Surprises

Matt Erickson, our economist, provides perspective on what USDA’s just released March Planting Prospective Plantings Report means for supplies, markets and more.

May 30, 2019 | Crop Insurance

Weather Continues to Challenge U.S. Crops

With even fewer planting days last week, planting in our area remains well off pace in the latest USDA report on crop progress.

May 21, 2019 | Crop Insurance

Record Corn Unplanted for This Time of Season

Corn futures closed Monday at their highest price in nearly a year and wheat prices reached their highest level in three months on continued wet weather.

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