DTN Hay & Feed News

USDA Washington & Oregon Hay 08/14 10:00

USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       08/14 10:00
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Aug 09, 2019    USDA  Market News 
Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report      
***Note: Due to scheduling conflicts this report will not be issued again until 
Aug. 23, 2019.***

   Compared to last Friday, all grades of Alfalfa and Timothy for domestic 
and export steady. Trade was light.  All prices are dollars per ton and 
FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include 
freight, commissions and other expenses.

Tons:  650    Last Week:  17,300    Last Year:  6000  

                         Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
    Mid Square                                                             
      Premium             160  250.00-250.00  250.00                       
                          150  230.00-230.00  230.00     Retail/Stable     

  Alfalfa/Orchard Mix                                                      
    Mid Square                                                             
      Premium             160  260.00-260.00  260.00                       

  Timothy Grass                                                            
    Mid Square                                                             
      Good                180  250.00-250.00  250.00                       

Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative 
factors are approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.        
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%        
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22          
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22         
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20         
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18         
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16          
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the   
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may 
influence hay price or value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer 
and seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
0900p   cam   rlc

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